Ujung Kulon National Park is representative ecosystems the lowlands tropical rain forest in West Java, as well as an ideal habitat for the survival of endangered speciesJavan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) and other endangered species. There are three types of ecosystems in national parks are marine, coastal and terrestrial ecosystems.
Diversity of plants and animals in Ujung Kulon National Park began to be known by researchers, botanists Netherlands and the United Kingdom since 1820.
Approximately 700 species of plants are well protected and 57 are endangered species, some of them like; Merbau (Intsia bijuga), palahlar (Dipterocarpus Haseltii), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa), luminous (Pterospermum diversifolium), ki Hujan (Engelhardia serrata) and various types of orchids.
Wildlife in Ujung Kulon National Park consists of 35 species of mammals, 5 species of primate, 59 species of reptiles, 22 species of amphibians, 240 species of birds, 72 species of insects, 142 species of fish and 33 species of coral. Endangered species and protected other than Javanese rhinoceros is banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), Javan (Presbytis comata comata), langur (Trachypithecus auratus auratus), deer (Cervus timorensis Russa), leopard (Panthera pardus), stone cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis), gibbon (Hylobates moloch), and giant clams (Tridacna gigas).
Ujung Kulon National Park is a fascinating natural tourism objects, the beauty of the various forms of natural phenomena such as rivers with rapids, waterfalls, white sand beaches, hot springs, marine parks and cultural heritage / history (Ganesha statue, in Mt. Raksa Panaitan Island). They are all natural charm that is very interesting to visit and hard to find elsewhere.
The types of fish that interesting in Ujung Kulon National Park both living in the sea and rivers such as butterfly fish, clown, angel, lion, cockatoos, glodok and archer fish. Archer Fish and Glodok, are two types of fish that very strange and unique that glodok fish have the ability to climb up trees, while the archer fish can spray water up to a height of more than one meter to catch its prey (insects) are in the leaves of the Whenever its branch stretched above the water surface.
Ujung Kulon National Park along the Krakatau Nature Reserve is a national asset, and has been designated as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.
To improve the management of Ujung Kulon National Park as a World Natural Heritage Site, UNESCO has provided financial support and technical assistance.
Peoples living around the national park is famous for its Banten tribal art “Debus” where people who do it will be resistant to sharp weapons, in fact among them can eat the shard. People there embraced Islam, but they still retain the customs, traditions, and culture of their ancestors.
In the national park, there are places that are sacred to the activities of spiritual beliefs. The most famous as a pilgrimage destination is the cave Sanghiang Sirah, which is located on the western tip of the peninsula of Ujung Kulon
Some locations / attractions to visit:
Tamanjaya and Cibiuk. The main entrance to the facility, information center, guest house, dock, hot springs.
Kalejetan beach, Reefs Beds, Cibandawoh. The phenomenon of the southern ocean waves and beaches with thick sand. As well as the observation of plants and animals.
Peucang Island. White sand beaches, coral reefs, clear blue sea which is ideal for swimming, diving, fishing, snorkeling and an ideal place for the observation of deer in their natural habitat.
Karang Copong (Copong’s Reefs), Citerjun, Cidaon, Ciujungkulon, Cibunar, Tanjung Layar, and Ciramea. Exploring the woods, exploring rivers, meadows grazing animals, waterfalls and sea turtle nesting places.
Handeuleum Island, Cigenter, Cihandeuleum. Animals observation (bull, boar, deer, traces of the Javan rhinoceros and various types of birds), exploring rivers and mangrove forest.
Panaitan Island, and the Mount Raksa. Diving, surfing, tourism and culture / history.
The best visiting season: April to September
reference : www.dephut.go.id
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