Thousand Islands National Park is one of representative marine conservation areas in Indonesia,
which is located approximately 45 miles north of Jakarta.
There are 78 large-small island with a height of no more than three meters above sea level., and all of them is a group of coral islands.
In hundreds of years ago, the islands were formed upon colonies of dead coral. These colonies initially grew on shallow sea floor, and the upper layer of the ocean surface and were weathered. Then on top of the rock land, grow some pioneer species such as shrubs, some species until eventually formed a land. The surface of the islands is not the same as the land consisting of ground. Likewise, with a wealth of plants and animals.
Generally, plants contained in the Thousand Islands National Park is dominated by coastal vegetation, such as nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), hibiscus (Hibicus tiliaceus), pandan (Pandanus sp.), Casuarina (Casuarina equisetifolia), cangkudu (Morinda citrifolia), butun (Barringtonia asiatica), Bogem (Bruguiera sp.), breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), ketapan (Terminalia cattapa), and Kecundang (Cerbena adollam).
the diversity of marine life park is composed of hard and soft corals as much as 54 species, 144 species of fish, 2 types of clams, 3 groups of algae such as Rhodophyta, Chlorophyta and Phaeophyta, 6 types of seaweed sepertiHalodule sp., Halophila sp., and Enhalus sp. , as well as 17 species of shorebirds.
Thousand Islands National Park is a hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and green turtle (Chelonia mydas). Hawksbill and green turtles are endangered species and are rarely found in other waters, especially the northern coast of Java, bred on the island of Semak Daun.
This activity is intended to restore the endangered sea turtle populations. Breeding activities include egg hatching in a semi-natural and care for the baby turtles (hatchlings) until ready to be released into nature.
Most of the beaches in the national park is covered by mangrove forests, that is a habitat for lizards, pythons and a gold ring.
Behind the phenomena and the secrets of nature, the Thousand Islands cluster actually store a very enchanting natural beauty. The symphony a green tiny islands, crashing waves, golden colored sun at twilight; certainly will reassure those who visit the Thousand Islands National Park
Some of the islands / attractions to visit:
Pramuka Island, Semak Daun Island, Kelapa Island and Panggang Island: Seeing the turtle breeding, observing animals and marine tourism.
Pramuka Island, Opak Island, Karang Congkak Island : Explore wrecked ships
Panjang Island, Putri Island, Pelangi Island and Pulau Perak : Marine tourism is managed by the private sector.
Semut Island, Karang Kroja Island, Kotok Besar and Kotok Kecil island, Gosong Laga Island : For diving and snorkeling.
November to February each year often occur big waves (dangerous), and not so good weather usually occurs in May to August.
The best visiting season: March to May each year.
reference : www.dephut.go.id
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