Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park is one of the five national parks in Indonesia first announced in 1980 its natural state is distinctive and unique, makes National Park of Mount Gede Pangrango as one of the natural laboratory of interest to researchers for a long time.
Recorded in 1819, C.G.C. Reinwardt as the first person to climb Mount Gede, followed by FW Junghuhn (1839-1861), J.E. Teysmann (1839), A.R. Wallace (1861), S.H. Koorders (1890), M. Treub (1891), W.M. van Leeuen (1911); and C.G.G.J. van Steenis (1920-1952) has made a collection of plants as the basis for the preparation of the book “THE MOUNTAIN FLORA OF JAVA” published in 1972
Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park has a diversity of ecosystems whose consists of the sub-montane ecosystems, montane, the sub-alpine, lakes, swamps, and savannas.
Sub-montane ecosystem is characterized by a number of large trees and tall like jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus), and puspa (Schima walliichii). While the the sub-alphin ecosystem characterized by grassy plains Isachne pangerangensis, Eidelweis (Anaphalis javanica), violet (Viola pilosa), and Cantigi (Vaccinium varingiaefolium).
Primate species that endangered and contained in the National Park of Mount Gede Pangrango ie gibbon (Hylobates moloch), Javan (Presbytis comata comata), and ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus auratus); and other rare animals such as leopards (Panthera pardus), Java porcupine (Hystrix brachyura brachyura), deer (Indian muntjac muntjak), and a yellow throat ferrets (Martes flavigula).
National Park of Mount Gede-famous Pangrango rich in various species of birds as many as 251 types of 450 species found on the island of Java. Some types of rare birds ie eagles Java (Spizaetus bartelsi) and owl (Otus angelinae).
National Park of Mount Gede Pangrango defined by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve in 1977, and as Sister Park State Park in Malaysia in 1995.
History and the legend that became local people belief is about the existence of Grandmother Suryakencana and King Siliwangi in Mount Gede. People believe that the spirit of Grandmother Suryakencana and King Siliwangi will keep Mount Gede from erupting. At a certain moment, a lot of people that go into caves around Mount Gede for semedhi / meditate and perform religious ceremonies.
Some locations / attractions to visit:
Blue Lake. Small lake measuring five hectares (1,575 meters above sea level.) Is located 1.5 km from the entrance of Cibodas. The lake is always looked blue in the sun, because it is covered by blue algae.
Waterfall Cibeureum. Waterfall that has a height of about 50 meters is located approximately 2.8 km from Cibodas. Around the waterfall can see a kind of red moss which is endemic in West Java.
Hot Water Spring. Located about 5.3 km or 2 hours drive from Cibodas.
Kandang Batu (Stone Cage) and Kandang Badak (Rhino Cage). Not literally, just a name of a flat area For camping activities and observation of plants / animals. Located at an altitude of 2,220 m. above sea level with a distance of 7.8 km or 3.5 hours walk from Cibodas.
Mount Gede and Mount Pangrango Trekking. Panorama form the sunset / sunrise, a stretch of Cianjur-Sukabumi, Bogor seen clearly, interesting geological attractions and observation of typical plants around the crater. At the top there are three craters are still active in a complex that is the crater Lanang, Queen and Wadon. Located at an altitude of 2,958 m. above sea level with a distance of 9.7 km or 5 hours walk from Cibodas.
Suryakencana meadow. Plains covered 50 acres edelweiss flower beds. Located at an altitude of 2,750 m. above sea level with a distance of 11.8 km or 6 hours walk from Cibodas.
Gunung Putri and Selabintana. Camping ground with a capacity of 100-150 people.
The best visiting season: April – November.
reference : www.dephut.go.id