Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park has the sub-montane ecosystem types, montane and the sub-alphin consist of centuries-old and massive trees
Some species of plants that found in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, among others jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus), mountain pine (Casuarina sp.), Eidelweis (Anaphalis javanica), various types of orchids and rare species of grass (Styphelia pungieus).
There are about 137 species of birds, 22 species of mammals and 4 species of reptiles in this national park
Endangered and protected animals found in the national park include mongoose (Pardofelis marmorata), deer (Cervus timorensis), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), deer (Indian muntjac), red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus), leopard (Panthera pardus), ajag (Cuon alpinus); and various types of birds such as the kestrel bird (Accipiter virgatus), hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), Bido-snake Eagle (Spilornis cheela Bido), black srigunting (Dicrurus macrocercus), the kites (Haliastur indus), and grouse that living in Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Kumbolo.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is the only conservation area in Indonesia, which has a unique form of sand sea area of 5250 hectares, that located at an altitude of ± 2,100 meters above sea level.
In the sea of sand found seven eruptive centers in the two lines intersecting east-west and northeast-southwest. From the northeast-southwest is the location of the emergence of Mount Bromo, which is an active volcano which at times can produce smoke explosion and threaten human life in the vicinity (± 3,500 inhabitants).
Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of ± 800 meters (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area of a circle with a radius of 4 km from the center of the crater of Bromo.
The Tenggerese tribe who live around the national park are native tribe, whose are Hindus. According to legend, the ethnic origin from the Majapahit Kingdom exiled. Interestingly, looking around the population (Tengger tribe) appears to be no fear despite knowing Mount Bromo is dangerous, as well as many tourists whose visit the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park during the Ceremony of Kasodo.
Kasodo Ceremony of is held annually (December / January) at the full moon. Through the ceremony, The Tenggerese tribe communities invoke the abundant harvest, starting reinforcements and cure various diseases, which particular by offering offerings by throwing it into the crater of Mount Bromo, while at the same time other Tengger crater had to descend the cliff, trying to catch the offerings thrown into the crater, as a symbol of blessing from the the Almighty.
Seizing the offerings are an attraction very interesting and challenging and scary. Because it is not uncommon among them fell into the crater.
Some locations / attractions to visit:
Cemorolawang. One the entrance to the national park visited by many to see from the a distance the expanse of sand sea and Bromo’s crater, and visitors can also camp at this spot.
Mount Bromo, and Sea of Sand. Riding and climb mountains Bromo by stairs
Pananjakan. Seeing the sunrise with the natural scenery of Mount Bromo, Mount Batok and Mount Semeru.
Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo and the summit of Mount Semeru. The lakes whose very cold and always foggy (± 2.200 m. Above sea level) is often used as a transit point for climbers of Mount Semeru (3,676 m. Above sea level).
Ranu Darungan. Camping, animal / plant observation and captivating scenery.
The best visiting season: June to October and December to January.
reference : www.dephut.go.id
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