The Pearl of Rainforest in land of Mandailing
Batang Gadis National Park (TNBG) is administratively located in Mandailing Natal (Madina) North Sumatra province which includes 13 sub-districts and tangent to 68 villages. TNBG geographically located between 99 12 ’45’ and 99 47 ’10 “E and 0 27′ 15” up to 1 Or 57 “N. The name is derived from the name of a national park main river that flows and splitting Madina district, namely BatangGadis. TNBGmeliputi kawasanseluas 108,000 hectares or 26% from the total forest area in Madina district and lies at an altitude range of 300 to 2,145 meters above sea level at its highest point at the peak of Merapi volcano Sorik. TNBG region covering 108,000 hectares is formed of Forest Protected Areas, Forests Limited Production and Production Forest.
FLORA and FAUNA
- The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), is the only one of the three types of tiger
which once owned Indonesia which still survive. Two other types, namely Java and Bali Tiger Tiger, who had just become extinct. Although including protected species and included in Appendix I of CITES, Sumatran tiger is now in critical condition even endangered. Two key reasons is the number of poaching, their habitat was broken and fragmented.
- Tapir (Tapirus indicus), is a very distinctive species with dichromatic body black and white. Tapir is also a resident of primary forests in Indonesia, particularly in Sumatra, spreading to the north does not exceed the area of Lake Toba. Tapir not only protected in terms of the applicable law in Indonesia IUCN classified type (The World Conservation Union) As a kind of endangered species is also included in Appendix I of CITES ((Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna in and Flora) .
- Padma (Rafflesia sp), This flower is a relative of lotus flower (Rafflesia Arnoldi R. Brown) who is the mascot Indonesian flora and the largest flower in the world. Flowers are found on the slopes of Mount Merapi Sorik as in this image is thought to be a new type that has not been described. Lotus flower is very unique because he does not have roots, stems and leaves. Lotus flower grows as a parasite in certain liana species (usually in Tetrastigma sp.) And the type of flora that is globally endangered. Until today, this flower is still in strictness by experts in Bogor-based plants, Bogor, West Java.
- Kantongsemar / Pitcher plant (Nepenthes sp) This includes carnivorous plants, absorb essential food elements of insects and arthropods that crashed and plunged into the bag. The bag is actually a modified leaf and filled with fluid that is used to digest food. This Nepenthes (Nepenthes sp.) Is a plant of the tribe Nephentaceae. This plant is protected under Law No. 5 of 1990 on the Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems. Law is followed by Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999 on the kinds of plants and animals are protected.
And many other interesting species of Flora and Fauna.
reference : www.dephut.go.id
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